Lucknow

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Lucknow or Lakhnau (both: lŭk´nou), city (1991 pop. 1,669,204), capital of Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Gomati River. An educational and cultural center, it has varied industries, including food processing, railroad shops, and handicrafts. The city is a major transportation hub and has an important agricultural market. It was the capital of the kingdom of Oudh (1775–1856) and then of Oudh prov. It became the capital of the United Provinces when Agra and Oudh merged in 1877. The most notable architectural structure is the Imambara [mausoleum] of Asuf-ad-Daula, Oudh's greatest king. During the Indian Mutiny, the British garrison in Lucknow suffered heavy casualties during a siege (June–Nov., 1857). Although the siege was broken, the British evacuated the city (Nov.); a year later, when they regained control of India, they reentered. Lucknow was a focus of the movement (1942–47) for an independent Pakistan.

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Lucknow City in n India, on the River Gomati; capital and largest city of Uttar Pradesh. The first Mogul Emperor of India conquered the city in 1528. It was the capital of the kingdom of Oudh (1775–1856), then of Oudh province (1856–77) and of the United Provinces (1887). Lucknow was the centre of the Muslim League in its campaign (1942–47) for an independent Pakistan. Industries: papermaking, distilling, chemicals, printing, handicrafts. Pop. (2001) 2,207,340.

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Lucknow or Luknau was the capital of Awadh annexed by the British in 1856. During the Indian mutiny, the British residency was subjected to a long siege beginning in June 1857. Sir Henry Lawrence, the chief commissioner, was killed in August and the town's relief was not accomplished until 16 November.

David Anthony Washbrook

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Lucknow •Donau • Lucknow