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Jharkhand State in ne India; the capital is Ranchi. Jharkand is bordered by Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal to the north, west, south, and east respectively. In 2000 Jharkand was created out of the s regions of the state of Bihar. Jharkhand is one the most industrialised states of India. It has 36% of India's known coal reserves, 40% of its copper, 22% of its iron ore, 90% of its mica, and huge deposits of bauxite, quartz and ceramics. Bokaro is the site of India's largest steel plant. Area: 79,714sq km (30,778sq mi) Pop. (2001) 26,909,428.