Ahmadabad

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Doshi, Balkrishna Vithaldas (1927– ). Indian architect, and urban planner. Influenced by Le Corbusier (with whom he worked in France, Chandigarh, and Ahmadabad) and Kahn (e.g. Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, Ahmadabad (1967–81), one of the most successful Modernist buildings of its time in the Subcontinent. he later evolved a more personal style, as at, his own studio at Sangath, near Ahmadabad (1981), a series of barrel-vaulted structures, partially submerged in the ground, and set amongst landscaped terraces and water-cascades. Similar themes were explored in his Gandhi Labour Institute, Ahmadabad (1980–4). Among his other works may be cited the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore (1977–85), the National Institute of Fashion Technology, New Delhi (1991–5), the Maharashtra Institute of Development Administration, Pune (1991), a town-plan for Vidhyadhar Nagar, near Jaipur (1984–6), and low-cost housing at Indore (1983–6).

Bibliography

Ashraf& Belluardo (eds.) (1998);
W. J. R. Curtis (1988);
E (1994);
Steele (ed.) (1998)

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Ahmadabad or Ahmedabad (both: ä´mədəbäd´), city (1991 pop. 3,312,216), Gujarat state, NW India, on the Sabarmati River. India's largest inland industrial center, Ahmadabad is noted for its cotton mills. It is also a transportation hub and a commercial center.

Founded in 1412 by Ahmad Shah, the city fell to Akbar in 1573 and enjoyed great prosperity under the Mughal empire. The British opened a trading post there in 1619; by the early 19th cent. they controlled the city. After the city opened its first cotton mills in the mid-19th cent., it grew into one of the major centers of cotton production in India. Mohandas Gandhi lived for a while in Ahmadabad. It was the temporary capital of the Gujarat state, from 1960 until 1970, when the capital was moved to Gandhinagar.

The cultural center of Gujarat, Ahmadabad has many outstanding mosques and tombs. It is also sacred to the Jains, who have more than 100 temples there. The Jama Masjid, an ancient Hindu temple converted (15th cent.) to a mosque, is one of the city's most beautiful buildings. Gujarat Univ. (1950) is in the city.

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Ahmadabad (Ahmedabad) City on the Sabarmati River, Gujarat, w India. Founded in 1411 by Ahmad Shah, the Muslim ruler of Gujurat, it is the cultural and commercial centre of Gujarat, with many magnificent mosques, temples and tombs. Ahmadabad is the headquarters of the Indian Congress Party. Industries: cotton. Pop. (2001) 3,515,361.