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Zhengzhou (Chengchow) City in e central China, 16km (10mi) s of the Huang He (‘Yellow’) River; capital of Henan province. Capital of the Shang dynasty before 2000 bc, it has been a walled city from that time. The modern city grew with the railway (1898) to become the main rail junction of e China. Industries: cotton, food processing, agricultural tools, thermal power. Pop. (2002 est.) 1,347,700.