In the darśanas, manas is seen as a special additional sense organ by which thoughts and sensations have access to the ātman. In Sāṃkhya philosophy, the principle (tattva) of manas together with intellect (buddhi) and ego (ahaṃkāra) makes up a threefold ‘inner instrument’ (antaḥkarana).
In Buddhist psychology, manas is the rational or intellectual faculty of the mind. In the Pāli canon it is said to be synonymous with citta and vijñãna (2).
"Manas." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/manas
"Manas." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved May 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/manas
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Manas (mänäs´), town and oasis, central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, on the Manas River, in the Dzungarian basin. It is the center of a large mechanized-farm area. Wheat, millet, sugar beets, melons, and cotton are grown. Since 1952 an extensive irrigation project, directed by the Chinese army, has reclaimed much acreage for cultivation. Oil deposits are in the area. The name sometimes appears as Ma-na-ssu.
"Manas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/manas
"Manas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/manas