The concept originates in a book of that title by James Burnham (1941) who asserted that not only industrial establishments but state agencies and all other significant organizations would become dominated by a new ruling class of managerial professionals pursuing their own interests. It is also associated with Adolf A. Berle and Gardiner C. Means (The Modern Corporation and Private Property, 1932), who believed that managers would pursue broader corporatist goals, even at the expense of short-term profitability. Like most theories about management, the ideas are in practice untestable. See also BOURGEOISIE; DECOMPOSITION OF CAPITAL.
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