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Fuzhou (Fuzhou or Fu-chou) City and port on the River Min Chiang, capital of Fukien province, se China. Fuzhou was founded in the T'ang dynasty (618–907). It was one of the first treaty ports to be opened to foreign trade (1842) and flourished as China's largest tea-exporting centre. It declined in the early 20th century. In 1949, after the Communist takeover, Fuzhou was blockaded by the Nationalists. Industries: engineering, chemicals, textiles. Pop. (1993 est.) 1,290,000.