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Tel-el-Kebir, battle of

Tel-el-Kebir, battle of, 1882. In the third quarter of the 19th cent. Egypt's external debt became so great that Britain and France took control of the country's finances. The heavily taxed peasantry, led by an army officer, Ahmed Arabi, rebelled against their khedive (governor), whom they held responsible for their plight. British troops under Sir Garnet Wolseley landed in Egypt to support the khedive and in a surprise attack destroyed Arabi's army at Tel-el-Kebir, 130 miles north-east of Cairo. Arabi surrendered and pleaded guilty to rebellion, but liberal opinion in England ensured that his sentence was exile rather than death.

Kenneth Ingham

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Ksar el Kebir

Ksar el Kebir (ksär ĕl kĕbĬr´), city (1994 pop. 107,065), N Morocco. The name also appears as Alcazarquivir and Al Qasr al Kabir. Near the city on Aug. 4, 1578, the Moroccans soundly defeated the Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal had invaded Morocco in support of a pretender to the Moroccan throne. Abd al-Malik, ruler of Morocco, King Sebastian, and the Moroccan pretender, Muhammad, all died in the fighting. As a result of the battle, Portugal soon passed (1580) to Philip II of Spain, and the new Moroccan ruler, Ahmad al-Mansur, began his reign with tremendous prestige.

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