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Brazzaville Capital and largest city of the Congo, w Africa, on the River Congo, below Stanley Pool. Founded in 1880, it was capital of French Equatorial Africa (1910–58) and a base for Free French forces in World War II. It has a university (1972) and a cathedral. It is a major port, connected by rail to the main Atlantic seaport of Pointe-Noire. Industries: foundries, chemicals, shipyards. Pop. (2002 est.) 1,133,800.

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