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Samāʿ

Samāʿ (Arab., ‘hearing’, ‘listening’). Sūfī practice of making and listening to music to encourage attention to God, and the states ensuing therefrom. The common human experience of mood alteration through music, leading at an extreme to trance and other ecstatic states, was developed among Sūfīs, especially in association with dance, and both music and dance may now be referred to through the term ḥaḍra (‘presence’; see GHAIBA), i.e. that which brings one into the presence of God.

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Śama

Śama (the six virtues according to Śaṅkara): see ṢATKASAṂPATTI.

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Sāma

Sāma (chant): see SĀMA VEDA.

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SAMA

SAMA Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency

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