Saṃskāra (Skt., saṃ, ‘together’, + kr, ‘make’). 1. The saṃskāras are the rituals through which high-caste or twice-born Hindus mark their transitions through life (and death), and may thus be regarded as rites of passage. The saṃskāras differ in number, depending on how many of the lesser moments which are marked by ritual (e.g. a child's first outing) are included. However, a fairly standard list of sixteen rites includes (i) Garbhādhāna, the securing of conception; (ii) Puṃsavāna, the securing of the birth of a male child; (iii) Sīmantonnayana, parting the hair of the pregnant woman to secure her from evil spirits (this again has reference to the birth of a male child; in W. India it is known as Dohada, and men cannot be present); (iv) Jātakarma, the securing and celebration of safe delivery; (v) Nāmakaraṇa, the giving of the name to the child on the twelfth day after birth; (vi) Niṣkramana, the making auspicious, by seeing the sun and going to a temple, of the child's first outing; (vii) Annaprāśana, the first feeding with solid food; (viii) Cauḍakaraṇa, shaving of the head during the first or third year; (ix) Karṇavedha, the piercing of the ear or nose between 3 and 5; (x) Vidyārambha, the learning of the alphabet; (xi) Upanayana, the sacred thread; (xii) on the day following, for those deemed competent, Vedārambha, the beginning of the study of the Vedas; (xiii) Keśānta, the first shaving of the beard; (xiv) Samāvartana, the end of student life; (xv) Vivāha, marriage; (xvi) Antyeṣṭi, funeral rites.2. In Hinduism the formations in consciousness which accumulate from thoughts and actions in earlier lives, and which constitute individual character. In Buddhism, see SANKHARA.
sam·ska·ra / səmˈskärə/ • n. Hinduism a purificatory ceremony or rite marking a major event in one's life.
More From encyclopedia.com
Child , CHILD CHILD . The child is a universal symbol of future potentiality as well as the carrier of the heritage of the past. The child is symbolic of the… Congenital Amputation , Definition Congenital amputation is the absence of a limb or part of a limb at birth. Description There are different types of congenital amputation… Birth , Birth Sources Women's Domain. Throughout the entire period from 1350 to 1600, childbirth was strictly a female affair. The husband was not present un… Child Welfare , child welfare, services provided for the care of disadvantaged children. Foundling institutions for orphans and abandoned children were the earliest… Vere Gordon Childe , Vere Gordon Childe Vere Gordon Childe The Australian prehistorian and archeologist Vere Gordon Childe (1892-1957) pioneered in the systematic study o… Allwyn, Astrid (1905–1978) , ALMA The Hebrew word ‘almâ used to describe the mother of emmanuel in the divine oracle delivered to King Ahaz of Juda (735–715 b.c.) by the prophet…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated Aug 08 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like