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Chalcedon, Council of

Council of Chalcedon, fourth ecumenical council, convened in 451 by Pulcheria and Marcian, empress and emperor of the East, to settle the scandal of the Robber Synod and to discuss Eutychianism (see Eutyches). It deposed the principals in the Robber Synod and destroyed the Eutychian party. Its great work, however, was its Definition regarding the nature and person of Jesus. Based upon the formulation given by Pope St. Leo I in his famous Tome to Flavian, it declared that, contrary to the view taken by Eutychianism (see Eutyches) and Monophysitism, the second Person of the Trinity has two distinct natures—one divine and one human. It was also proclaimed that these two natures exist inseparably in one person. This difference was a major factor in the Monophysite schism that divided the East for centuries. The council produced 28 disciplinary canons important for canon law in both the East and West. However, the Roman Catholic Church did not admit the 28th canon, which made the patriarch of Constantinople second only to the pope in Rome in precedence, until the Fourth Lateran Council (1215).

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Chalcedon, Council of

Chalcedon, Council of the fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in 451 at Chalcedon, a former city on the Bosporus in Asia Minor, now part of Istanbul.

A Chalcedonian was a person upholding the decrees of the Council of Chalcedon (ad 451), especially those regarding the nature of Christ, which were eventually accepted by all except the Monophysite Churches.

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Chalcedon, Council of

Chalcedon, Council of (451) Meeting of all the bishops of the Christian church in the city of Chalcedon, Asia Minor. It was convoked by the Emperor Marcian to settle controversial theological questions. It reaffirmed the doctrine of two natures (divine and human) in Christ and condemned Nestorianism.

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