Judaea

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Judaea or Judea (both: jōōdē´ə) [Lat. from Judah], region, Greco-Roman name for S Palestine. It varied in size in different periods. In the time of Jesus it was both part of the province of Syria and a kingdom ruled by the Herods. It was the southernmost of the Roman divisions of Palestine, the others being Galilee, Samaria, and Peraea. Idumaea was S of Judaea. A strip of Samaria lay between Judaea and the Mediterranean. The former region of Judaea was occupied by Israel after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war (see West Bank).

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Judaea the southern part of ancient Palestine, corresponding to the former kingdom of Judah. The Jews returned to the region after the Babylonian Captivity, and in 165 bc the Maccabees again established it as an independent kingdom. It became a province of the Roman Empire in 63 bc, and was subsequently amalgamated with Palestine.