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Cush

Cush or Kush (kŭsh, kŏŏsh). 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.

3 Ancient kingdom of Nubia, in the present Sudan, which flourished from the 11th cent. BC to the 4th cent. AD The rulers of Cush overran Upper Egypt (mid-8th cent. BC) as far as Thebes. Piankhi conquered the rest of Egypt (Lower Egypt) from Tefnakhte. Taharka was defeated in the Delta by the Assyrians, and the Cushites lost control of Egypt. The Cushite capital was transferred from Napata to Meroë; Meroë was a prosperous state until the 4th cent. AD, when it fell to the Ethiopians and was abandoned.

See A. J. Arkell, A History of the Sudan to AD 1821 (1955, repr. 1974).

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Cush

Cush in the Bible, the eldest son of Ham and grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:6).

Cush is also the name of the southern part of ancient Nubia, first mentioned in Egyptian records of the Middle Kingdom. In the Bible it is the country of the descendants of Cush.

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