Skip to main content
Select Source:

Courier, Paul Louis

Paul Louis Courier (Paul Louis Courier de Méré) (pōl lwē kōōryā´ də mārā´), 1772–1825, French political writer and classical scholar. His translation (1810) of the Greek text of Daphnis and Chloë is considered excellent. After the Bourbon restoration, which he opposed, he devoted himself to writing trenchant political pamphlets, the best known of which are Simple Discours (1821), for which he was jailed, and Le Pamphlet des pamphlets (1824), remarkable for its stylistic brilliance. His memoirs and letters (1828) have the same original charm that make his literary works memorable. He was murdered, presumably by one of his servants.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Courier, Paul Louis." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Courier, Paul Louis." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/courier-paul-louis

"Courier, Paul Louis." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/courier-paul-louis

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)

Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul) (b Paris, 1849; d Cannes, 1895). Fr. composer and violinist. Cond. Concerts Modernes, Paris 1885–6. Prof. of instr. ens., Paris Cons., from 1887. Wrote 2 vn. concs., pf. conc., syms., and 8 operas (from which only the Berceuse for ten. from Jocelyn (1888) seems to have survived). Some of the instr. works are still played.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/godard-benjamin-louis-paul

"Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/godard-benjamin-louis-paul

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)

Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)

Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul), French composer; b. Paris, Aug. 18, 1849; d. Cannes, Jan. 10, 1895. He took violin lessons with Richard Hammer and Vieutemps, and also was a composition student of Reber at the Paris Cons. (1863). He first gained wide notice as a composer with his sym. Le Tasse (1878), which won the Prix de la Ville de Paris. Although he continued to write major orch. works, he sought fame as a theater composer. However, his operas proved unsuccessful with only the Berceuse from Jocelyn (1888) remaining popular after his death. In 1887 he became prof. of the instrumental ensemble class at the Paris Cons. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur in 1889.

Works

DRAMATIC Opera : Les Guelfes (1880-82; Rouen, Jan. 17, 1902); Pedro de Zalamea (Antwerp, Jan. 31, 1884); Jocelyn (Brussels, Feb. 25, 1888); Dante et Beatrice (Paris, May 13, 1890); La vivandiere (unfinished; orchestration completed by P. Vidal; Paris, April 1, 1895). ORCH.: 2 piano concertos (1870, 1899); Scenes poetiques (1879); Introduction and Allegro for Piano and Orch. (1881); 2 violin concertos: No. 1, Concerto romantique (1887) and No. 2 (1892). S y m s . : Le Tasse for Soloists, Chorus, and Orch. (1878); No. 1 (n.d.); No. 2 (1880); Symphonie gothique (1883); Symphonie orientate (1884); Symphonie descriptive (n.d.); Symphonie-ballet (1882). CHAMBER: 5 violin sonatas (1865, 1875, 1878, 1881, n.d.); 2 piano trios (1880, 1884); 3 string quartets (1883, 1884, 1893); Cello Sonata (1887). OTHER: Numerous solo piano pieces and over 100 songs.

Bibliography

M. Clerjot, B. G. (Paris, 1902); M. Clavie, B. G. (Paris, 1906).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/godard-benjamin-louis-paul-0

"Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/godard-benjamin-louis-paul-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.