Maximus the Confessor
Maximus the Confessor (c.580–662). Greek theologian, mystic, and ascetical writer. After a distinguished secular career, he became a monk c.612 in Chrysopolis, fleeing to Africa before the Persian advance in 626. A strong opponent of monothelitism, he secured its condemnation in Africa and Rome (649). In 653 and again in 661 he was brought to Constantinople, where he refused to submit to monothelitism, was condemned as a heretic, mutilated, and died shortly afterwards in exile.
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