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Durand. Fr. mus. publishers (Durand, Schoenewerk, & Cie) founded 1869 in Paris by mus. critic Auguste Durand (1830–1909). Became Durand et Fils 1891. Complete editions of Rameau begun 1894 (ed. Saint-Saëns). Pubd. editions of Chopin by Debussy and of Schumann by Fauré. Composers in firm's list incl. Debussy, Ravel, Saint-Saëns, Milhaud, Poulenc, d'Indy, Messiaen, Ibert, and others.