William Young

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Young, William (1843–1900). Scots architect, he made designs for many town-and country-houses throughout the UK. One of his most resplendent interventions was at Robert Adam's Gosford House, near Longniddry, East Lothian, Scotland (completed 1891), while at Elveden Hall, Suffolk, he enlarged the already extravagant house in a lavish Italianate Baroque style (1899–1903). He is remembered primarily for the Glasgow Municipal Chambers, George Square (1883–9), an opulent pile of French, Flemish, Venetian, and Spanish Renaissance styles, with a bewildering array of eclectic influences from Sansovino to ‘Greek’ Thomson. This building made his reputation, and he was commissioned to design the New (now Old) War Office, Whitehall, London (1899–1906), a confident amalgam in which Palladian, Mannerist, and Baroque styles were evident, with corner cupolas, the whole reminiscent of the work of Wren. The ensemble made such an impression at the time that it was virtually copied by Samuel Stevenson (1859–1924) for the exterior of the Belfast College of Technology (1900–7), and was a good example of the Wrenaissance style. The War Office was completed by Young's son, Clyde Francis Young (1871–1948), after William's early death. William Young was responsible for the proposal to create Kingsway and Aldwych to connect The Strand to Holborn, London. He published several books, including Town and Country Mansions and Suburban Houses (1879).

Bibliography

Dixon & and Muthesius (1985);
A. S. Gray (1985);
McWilliam (1978);
Pe: BoE, Suffolk (1974);
Service (1977);
Jane Turner (1996);
Williamson,, Riches,, & and Higgs (1990)

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Young, William

Young, William, English viol player and composer; b. place and date unknown; d. Innsbruck, April 23, 1662. By at least 1652 he was in the service of the Archduke Ferdinand Karl in Innsbruck, and accompanied him on sojourns to Italy. Another William Young, who was a violinist in the royal music of Charles II in London (1660-71), may have been his son. The elder Young was a distinguished composer of music for the viol. His publ. works comprise Almain and Sarabande for Lyra-viol (1651), and 11 Sonate à 3, 4, 5 voci con alcune allemand, correnti e balletti à 3 (Innsbruck, 1653; 11 sonatas and 4 suites ed. in 1930); various other instrumental works remain in MS.

Bibliography

W. Whittaker, The Concerted Music of W. Y.(Oxford, 1931).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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Young, William (d Innsbruck, 1662). Eng. composer, viol player, and flautist. Worked on Continent, in Italy and Austria. At Innsbruck his playing enchanted Queen Christina of Sweden in 1655. There in 1653 he pubd. earliest set of (21) sonatas for 3, 4, and 5 parts (for 3 vns., va., bass viol, and continuo, the Purcell type of trio-sonata). Returned to Eng. 1661 and became member of King's band.