Oxford Franciscan scholar, opponent of Wyclif, (fl. 1351-c. 1400). He was a Franciscan by 1351, and a doctor of theology by 1373. Woodford (Wodeford, Wydford) concentrated on scriptural studies. His apologetic works, however, were written to combat the views of his Oxford contemporary, John wyclif. The two men were on friendly terms during the 1370s and exchanged lecture notes on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. But as early as 1374 Woodford had become critical of Wyclif's teaching on dominion and suspicious of his views on the Eucharist. Because of their continuing friendship Woodford's treatises provide the best insight into the evolution of Wyclif's thought. In 1381, when Wyclif boldly attacked the doctrine of transubstantiation, Woodford wrote De sacramento altaris or LXXII Questiones, which indicated the various phases through which Wyclif's views had passed before his open confession of heresy. In 1389 Woodford was regent and master of theology among the Franciscans at Oxford, but after he was appointed vicar of the provincial minister he resided in London. He summed up his views on Wyclif's errors in the treatise De causis condempnacionis articulorum 18 dampnatorum Johannis Wyclif. Some place Woodford's death in 1397, others in 1411.
Bibliography: a. f. pollard, The Dictionary of National Biography from the Earliest Times to 1900 21:867–868. a. g. little, The Grey Friars in Oxford (Oxford 1892). a. b. emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 3:2081–82. j. a. robson, Wyclif and the Oxford Schools (Cambridge, Eng. 1961).
[j. e. healey]
"William Woodford." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 23, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/william-woodford
"William Woodford." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/william-woodford
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.