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Viardot-García, Pauline

Viardot-García, Pauline (b Paris, 1821; d Paris, 1910). Fr. mezzo-soprano of Sp. parentage. Daughter of Manuel García and sister of Maria Malibran and Manuel García. Concert début Brussels 1837, opera début London 1839 (Desdemona in Rossini's Otello). Paris 1839. Married writer Louis Viardot, Paris, 1840. Toured Russ. 1843 and thereafter championed Russ. mus. CG 1849–55. Famous in Mozart roles and as Gluck's Orphée and Alceste. Retired from stage 1863 and wrote plays, painted, and comp. operettas and songs. Taught singing at Paris Cons. 1871–5.

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Viardot-Garcia, Pauline

Pauline Viardot-Garcia (pōlēn´ vyärdō´-gärsēä´), 1821–1910, French mezzo-soprano; sister of Maria Malibran; pupil of her father, Manuel García. Following her concert debut in Brussels in 1837 and her opera debut in London in 1839, she became celebrated for her wide range, fine technique, and histrionic ability. She created the role of Fidès in Meyerbeer's Prophète (1849), developed a teaching method, and composed songs and an opera, Le dernier Sorcier (1869). She retired from the stage in 1863 and taught (1871–75) at the Paris Conservatory.

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