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Maderna, Bruno

Maderna, Bruno (b Venice, 1920; d Darmstadt, 1973). It. composer and conductor, among leaders (with Berio) of the It. avant-garde. After service in World War II, was encouraged by Virgil Thomson and met Boulez. Taught at Venice Cons. 1947–50 and at Darmstadt summer courses (from 1951). With Berio, founded EMS of It. Radio at Milan, 1955, later becoming mus. dir. Milan Radio. Brilliant cond. of 20th-cent. mus. Cond. many modern operas in Europe. Visited USA 1965 to conduct Nono's Intolleranza at Boston and sym. concerts in Chicago and NY. Salzburg Fest. 1973. His early works were influenced by Bartók and Stravinsky. He adopted serialism in 1951 and Webernian features entered his work. He also used elec. media, usually in combination with live perf. However complex his mus., his native It. lyricism was always present. Prin. works:THEATRE PIECE: Hyperion (Venice 1964), composite work i.e. Dimensioni III + Aria da Hyperion + 2-track tape; Hyperion II (Dimensioni III + cadenza for fl. + Aria da Hyperion); Hyperion III (Hyperion + Stele per Diotima); Dimensioni IV (Dimensioni III + Stele per Diotima); Satyricon (1973).ORCH.: Serenata for 11 instr. (1946, rev. 1954); Introduzione e Passacaglia (1947); Quadrivium (1948); Conc. for 2 pf. and chamber orch. (1948); Studi per ‘Il Processo’ di Kafka, for reciter, sop., and small orch. (1949); fl. conc. (1954); Composizione in 3 tempi (1954); Serenata II for 11 instr. (1957); pf. conc. (1959); vn. conc. (1969); conc. for ob., chamber ens., tape ad lib (1962, rev. 1965); Dimensioni III for sop., fl., and orch. (1963); Aria da Hyperion for sop., fl., and orch. (1964); Stele per Diotima (1965); ob. conc. (1967); Music of Gaiety (based on virginals pieces by Byrd, Farnaby, Dowland, and Philips) (1969); Juilliard Serenade (Free Time I) (1970); Venetian Journal for ten. and chamber orch. (1971); Giardino Religioso (1972); Aura (1972); Biogramma (1972).TAPE: Musica su 2 dimensioni, fl. and 2-track tape (1952, rev. 1958); Notturno (1956); Syntaxis (2-track) (1957); Continuo (1958); Dimensioni II (2-track) (1960); Tempo libero I (1971); Ages (1972).CHAMBER MUSIC: str. qt. (1955); Aulodia per Lothar, ob. d'amore, guitar ad lib (1965); Widmung for vn. (1967); Solo (1971); Dialodia, 2 fl., recorder, ob. (1972); Y después, guitar (1972).

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Maderna, Bruno

Bruno Maderna (brōō´nō mädĕr´nä), 1920–73, Italian composer and conductor, b. Venice. Maderna studied composing with Gian Francesco Malipiero and conducting with Hermann Scherchen. As a conductor he introduced many avant-garde works to Italy. Maderna's music at times employed serialism and aleatoricism, while always sharing a warmth and expressiveness. He collaborated with Luciano Berio in electronic music at the Milan Radio. Among his works are three instrumental serenades (1946, 1954, 1969), three oboe concertos (1962, 1967, 1973), and the Juilliard Serenade for chamber orchestra and tape (1971).

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Maderna, Bruno

Maderna, Bruno (1920–73) Italian composer, conductor, and leader of the Italian avant-garde. In 1955 he founded, with Berio, the electronic music studio of Italian Radio. Maderna often combined electronic media with live performance.

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