Gustav Stickley, 1858–1942, American furniture designer, b. Osceola, Wis. Probably the best-known American associated with the arts and crafts movement, Stickley ran a Binghamton, N.Y., chair factory in the 1880s. Around the turn of the century he began producing a line of sturdy, functional, and comparatively affordable oak pieces. Often called mission furniture, they celebrated simplicity and function over complexity and ornament. Stickley founded (1901) the Craftsman Workshops in Eastwood, N.Y., and established a monthly magazine, The Craftsman. His workshops were especially noted for their reclining Morris chairs; they also produced a wide variety of other furniture and metalware, lighting fixtures, and other decorative accessories. Several of his brothers and others produced furniture in a similar style. Stickley also created designs for a series of relatively inexpensive homes. After an overly rapid expension, he went into bankruptcy (1915) and mission-style pieces soon went out of style. In the latter part of the 20th cent. Stickley's work again became popular as appreciation for the arts and crafts aesthetic resurfaced. His original pieces now command high prices never envisioned by their creator.
See his Craftsman Homes (repr. 1995); biography by B. Sanders (1996); studies by J. C. Freeman (1966), J. J. Baravro (1982, repr. 1996), M. A. Smith (1983), A. P. Bartinique (1992, repr. 1998), M. Fish (1997 and 1999), M. A. Hewitt (2001), and K. W. Tucker (2010).
"Stickley, Gustav." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stickley-gustav
"Stickley, Gustav." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stickley-gustav
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.