Pixis, Johann Peter

views updated May 23 2018

Pixis, Johann Peter

Pixis, Johann Peter , German pianist, teacher, and composer; b. Mannheim, Feb. 10, 1788; d. Baden-Baden, Dec. 22, 1874. Of a musical family (his father and his brother were musicians), he received his primary education at home. After touring with his brother (1796), he returned to Mannheim to study composition; continued his studies with Albrechtsberger in Vienna (1806). He went to Paris in 1823, where he established himself as a teacher. In 1840 he settled in Baden-Baden as a teacher.


DRAMATIC: Opera: Almazinde, oder Die Höhle Sesam (Vienna, April 11, 1820); Bibiana, oder Die Kapelle im Walde (Aachen, Oct. 8, 1829); etc. ORCH .: Sym.; Overture; Piano Concerto. CHAMBER : Piano Quartet; Piano Quintet; 2 string quintets; 7 piano trios. Piano : Sonatas, variations, and transcriptions.


L. Schiwietz, J.P. P. (Frankfurt am Main and N.Y., 1994).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Pixis, Johann Peter

views updated May 18 2018

Pixis, Johann Peter (b Mannheim, 1788; d Baden-Baden, 1874). Ger. pianist, teacher, and composer. After concert career became teacher in Munich, Vienna, Paris (from 1823), and Baden-Baden from 1840. Wrote operas, sym., pf. conc., 2 str. qts., and joined Chopin, Liszt, Czerny, Thalberg, and Herz as contributor to the Hexaméron.

Duns Scotus, Johannes

views updated May 21 2018

Duns Scotus, Johannes (c.1265–1308). Medieval Christian philosopher. His principal work was his commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, which survives in three versions. In his metaphysics he developed the idea that the principle of individuation is not matter, but a kind of individual uniqueness (haecceitas), that by virtue of which any being is this being.

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