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Hebel, Johann Peter

Johann Peter Hebel (yō´hän pā´tər hā´bəl), 1760–1826, German short-story writer and dialect poet. Editor of Der rheinländische Hausfreund [Rhineland home companion] from 1801 to 1811, Hebel gained popularity as author of realistic, often humorous folk anecdotes with overtones of Christian ethic. A collection of these, Schatzkästlein [treasure box], appeared in 1811. In his Alemannische Gedichte [Alemannic poems] (1803), dialect is employed for fine poetic expression in verses that extol youth, mother love, and the beauties of nature.

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Duns Scotus, Johannes

Duns Scotus, Johannes (c.1265–1308). Medieval Christian philosopher. His principal work was his commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, which survives in three versions. In his metaphysics he developed the idea that the principle of individuation is not matter, but a kind of individual uniqueness (haecceitas), that by virtue of which any being is this being.

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Pixis, Johann Peter

Pixis, Johann Peter (b Mannheim, 1788; d Baden-Baden, 1874). Ger. pianist, teacher, and composer. After concert career became teacher in Munich, Vienna, Paris (from 1823), and Baden-Baden from 1840. Wrote operas, sym., pf. conc., 2 str. qts., and joined Chopin, Liszt, Czerny, Thalberg, and Herz as contributor to the Hexaméron.

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Pixis, Johann Peter

Pixis, Johann Peter

Pixis, Johann Peter , German pianist, teacher, and composer; b. Mannheim, Feb. 10, 1788; d. Baden-Baden, Dec. 22, 1874. Of a musical family (his father and his brother were musicians), he received his primary education at home. After touring with his brother (1796), he returned to Mannheim to study composition; continued his studies with Albrechtsberger in Vienna (1806). He went to Paris in 1823, where he established himself as a teacher. In 1840 he settled in Baden-Baden as a teacher.

Works

DRAMATIC: Opera: Almazinde, oder Die Höhle Sesam (Vienna, April 11, 1820); Bibiana, oder Die Kapelle im Walde (Aachen, Oct. 8, 1829); etc. ORCH .: Sym.; Overture; Piano Concerto. CHAMBER : Piano Quartet; Piano Quintet; 2 string quintets; 7 piano trios. Piano : Sonatas, variations, and transcriptions.

Bibliography

L. Schiwietz, J.P. P. (Frankfurt am Main and N.Y., 1994).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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