Leoni, Leone, distinguished Italian composer; b. Verona, c. 1560; d. Vicenza, June 24, 1627. He studied at the “academy” maintained by Count Mario Bevilacqua in Verona, then was maestro di cappella in Vicenza from Oct. 4, 1588, until his death. He was a disciple of the Venetian school, and his works are characteristic for their application of chromatic devices in harmony and antiphonal choral usages. He wrote about 130 madrigals (41 not extant) and around 185 motets (about 40 not extant). He was an important composer of motets.
(all publ. in Venice): vocal: sacred:Penitenza: Primo libro de  madrigali spirituali for 5 Voices (1596); Sacri fiori:  motetti [and 1 Magnificat] for 2 to 4 Voices and organ,libro primo (1606);  Sacrarum cantionum liber primus for 8 Voices and 2 Organs (1608); Sacri fiori: Secondo libro de  motetti for I to 3 Voices and Organ… con una messa for 4 Voices (1612); Omnium solemnitatum psalmodia for 8 Voices (1613); Aurea corona ingemmata d’armonici, concerto a 10 for 4 Voices and 6 Instruments (1615); Sacri fiori: quarto libro de  motetti for 1 to 4 Voices and Organ (1622). secular: II primo libro de  madrigali for 5 Voices (1588); Bella Clori: Secondo libro de  madrigali for 5 Voices (1591); II terzo libro de  madrigali for 5 Voices (1595); II quarto libro de  madrigali ( 1598; not extant); Bell’Alba: Quinto libro de  madrigali for 5 Voices (1602).
H. Wing, The Polychoral Motets of L L. (diss., Boston Univ., 1966).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
Leone Leoni (lāō´nā lāō´nē), 1509–90, Italian sculptor and medalist, called Leone Aretino. Entering the service of the emperor, Charles V, he devoted himself to making statues, busts, and reliefs for the imperial family. His Charles V Repressing Violence and other works are in the Prado. His son, Pompeo Leoni, c.1533–1608, who worked with him, continued in the imperial service. His most important works were kneeling bronze figures of Charles V and Philip II, with their families, for the sanctuary in the Escorial. He executed many fine tomb monuments with figures at prayer, including two effigies now in the Hispanic Society, New York City.
See study by B. I. Proske (1956).