Ammanati, Bartolomeo or Ammannati, Bartolomeo (1511–92). Born near Florence, Ammannati was a gifted Mannerist sculptor, but he also designed buildings, including the elegant Ponte Santa Trinità in Florence (1567–70), rebuilt after its destruction in 1944. He was involved in the design of the sunken cortile and fountain grottoes at the Villa Giulia in Rome (1551–5) with Vignola and Vasari, and later extended the Palazzo Pitti, Florence (1558–70), for which he designed the heavily rusticated garden-front and cortile, where the influence of the Mint in Venice by Sansovino (with whom Ammannati had worked earlier) is clear. He supervised the construction (and may have played a part in the design) of Michelangelo's entrance vestibule and staircase to the Library of San Lorenzo, Florence (1524–50s). Among his designs for churches were San Giovannino (1579–85), Florence, and Santa Maria in Gradi, Arezzo (1592), both of which were influenced to some extent by Il Gesù in Rome. His connection with the Collegio Romano in Rome is at best tentative, for it was designed by Giuseppe Valeriano (1542–96). He probably built most of the Palazzo Provinciale, Lucca (1577–81), in which the centrepiece is a Serlian loggia derived from that employed by Vasari at the Uffizi in Florence.
Jane Turner (1996)
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