Anglican theologian, leader of the oxford movement; b. Fairford, England, April 25, 1792; d. Bournemouth, March 29, 1866. He was the son of John and Sarah (Maule) Keble. After study at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, he was elected a fellow of Oriel College (1811). Ordained to the Anglican priesthood in 1816, he renounced his tutorship at Oriel in 1823 and devoted the rest of his life to parochial work, principally at Hursley. He maintained contact with Oxford, however, holding a professorship of poetry there (1831–41). Among the Oxford students who were converted to his high church views was Richard Hurrell froude, who acted as intermediary in drawing Keble and John Henry newman together. Newman regarded Keble's sermon, "National Apostasy," delivered at Oxford on July 14, 1833, as the beginning of the Oxford Movement. Keble's contributions to the movement included a book of poetry, The Christian Year (1827), which portrayed the Church as the visible channel of invisible grace; seven of the Tracts for the Times; and a translation of St. Irenaeus for the Library of the Fathers. He also helped to edit Froude's Remains (1837) and the Works of Richard Hooker (1836). After Newman's conversion Keble continued his sermons in defense of tractarianism and advocated the adoration of the sacred species in his work, On Eucharistical Adoration (1857). His influence on the Oxford Movement was exerted chiefly through his qualities as a humble pastor. Keble College at Oxford was named for him in 1869.
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