K. Becker (1981);
Hammond (ed.) (1962);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
R. Schwarz (1958, 1968);
M. Schwarz & and Conrads (1979);
E. Teague (1985a)
SCHWARZ, RUDOLF (1905–1994), conductor. Born in Vienna, Schwarz joined the Düsseldorf Opera as répéptiteur at the age of 18 and conducted an opera there the following year (1924). From 1927 to 1933 he was at Karlsruhe under Josef Krips. When Hitler came to power, he was forced to resign, and in 1936 was appointed musical director of the *Juedische Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural Organization) in Nazi Germany. In 1941 he was sent to Bergen-Belsen, and after his release in 1945, he settled in England. He directed the city orchestras in Bournemouth (1947–50) and Birmingham (1951–57). From 1957 to 1962 he was chief conductor of the bbc Symphony Orchestra, and then became principal conductor of the Northern Sinfonia Orchestra, Newcastle (1967–1973). He furthered the performance of British music, including new works by Bliss, Gerhard, Hamilton, Rubbra and Tippett; and in 1958 he conducted the première of Britten's Nocturne. Schwarz was generally admired for his perceptive skill in a variety of classical and, especially, contemporary music. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1973.
Grove Music Online.
[Israela Stein (2nd ed.)]
Schwarz, Rudolf, Austrian-born English conductor; b. Vienna, April 29, 1905; d. London, Jan. 30, 1994. He studied violin. He joined the Düsseldorf Opera as a répétiteur (1923), and then made his conducting debut there (1924); subsequently was a conductor at the Karlsruhe Opera (1927) until being removed in 1933 by the Nazis as a Jew. After serving as music director of the Judischer Kulturbund in Berlin (1936–39), he was imprisoned (1939–40), and then interred at the Belsen concentration camp (1943–15). Following his liberation, he settled in England, becoming a naturalized British subject in 1952. He was conductor of the Bournemouth Municipal Orch. (1947–51) and music director of the City of Birmingham Sym. Orch. (1951–57); after serving as chief conductor of the BBC Sym. Orch. in London (1957–62), he was principal conductor (1964–67) and artistic director (1967–73) of the Northern Sinfonia in Newcastle upon Tyne. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1973.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire