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Hippodamus of Miletus

Hippodamus of Miletus (fl. c.500–440 BC). Greek architect and town-planner, he proposed that the layout of a town could express social order, be rational and geometrically clear, and employ the grid-pattern. He may have designed Miletus, Asia Minor (from c.475 BC), Piraeus, near Athens (c.470 BC), and Thurii (Thourioi), Italy (c.443 BC), but he is remembered as one of the earliest theorists of the Ideal City, and through Aristotle's writings influenced later thinkers, notably from the Renaissance period.

Bibliography

Castagnoli (1956, 1971);
Greco et al. (1983);
R. Martin (1956);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Ward-Perkins (1974);
Wyoming (1962)

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Hippodamus

Hippodamus (hĬpŏd´əməs), fl. 5th cent. BC, Greek architect, b. Miletus. He was the first to plan cities according to geometric layouts. For Pericles he remodeled Piraeus (the port of Athens). He also planned (408) the city of Rhodes and went with the Athenian colonists to replan (c.440) the new city of Thurii in Italy. Other cities of the ancient world followed his methods.

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