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Azariah

Azariah (ăzərī´ə), common name in ancient Israel, especially among the priests. The following occurrences of the name in the Bible do not necessarily all refer to different persons. 1 Chief officer under Solomon. 2 Chief officer under Solomon. 3 Father of Seraiah2.4 Prophet who stirred King Asa to reform. 5 King of Judah: see Uzziah1.6 Same as Ahaziah2.7 High priest who withstood King Uzziah. 8 High priest under Hezekiah. 9,10 Sons of King Jehoshaphat. 11,12 Aides of Jehoiada in the conspiracy against Athaliah. 13 Worker on the wall of Jerusalem. 14 Same as Seraiah7.15 Interpreter of the law. 16 Sealer of the covenant. 17 Priest in postexilic Jerusalem. His name also appears as Seraiah. 18 See Jaazaniah. 19 One of the Three Young Men. Azarias is the Greek form of his name.

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Flagg, Azariah Cutting

Azariah Cutting Flagg, 1790–1873, American political leader, b. Orwell, Vt. He fought in the War of 1812, was editor of the Plattsburgh (N.Y.) Republican until 1825, and was elected (1823) to the New York state assembly. Flagg, a relentless Jeffersonian Democrat, was a leader of the Albany Regency and helped sustain its drive for political reforms. He served in New York as secretary of state (1826–32) and twice as state comptroller (1834–39, 1842–46). He opposed any form of federal banks and advocated reform of the New York state banking system. After 1846 he helped organize the Barnburners and was (1852–59) comptroller of New York City.

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Rossi, Azariah ben Moses Dei

Rossi, Azariah ben Moses Dei (1511–78). Jewish scholar. Rossi was born into an eminent Jewish family. He was the author of Meʾor Einayim (Enlightenment to the Eyes, 1573–5), which shows his familiarity with Greek and Latin authors, the Church Fathers, and Philo. It was the source of some controversy, as he questioned the historicity of Talmudic legends.

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Azariah

AZARIAH

AZARIAH (end of the first century c.e.), one of the first generation of tannaim after the destruction of the Second Temple. His son was the tanna*Eleazar b. Azariah (Yev. 16a). An affluent merchant, Azariah supported his brother Simeon, also a tanna, so that he might devote himself to his study. It was because of this that Simeon was referred to as "the brother of Azariah" (Zev. 1:2; see Sot. 21a and Rashi, ibid.).

bibliography:

Frankel, Mishnah, 69, 105ff.; Hyman, Toledot, 980.

[Zvi Kaplan]

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Azariah

AZARIAH

AZARIAH (early fourth century c.e.), Palestinian amora. He is believed to have been the pupil of R. *Mana, in whose name he transmitted halakhot (e.g., tj, Shab. 7:1, 9b). Some scholars have identified him with the amora Ezra, but erroneously, since they flourished in different generations. Azariah is often quoted in the aggadah of the Palestinian Talmud and even more often in midrashic literature where he transmits aggadot in the names of R. *Aḥa (Gen. R. 39:6), R. *Joshua b. Levi (Gen. R. 15:7), and Yudan b. Simeon (Gen. R. 39:8).

Azariah himself was a prolific and versatile aggadist. He explains the verse "As an apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons" (Song 2:3): As the apple ripens only in the month of Sivan, so Israel emitted a sweet fragrance in the month of Sivan (i.e., at the giving of the Torah at Sinai); and as there are 50 days between the budding and the ripening of its fruit, so did Israel take 50 days between the Exodus and the giving of the Torah (Song R., to 2:3). In the word אֶשֶׁל (eshel, "tamarisk"), which Abraham planted at Beer-Sheba (Geb. 21:33), Azariah sees an allusion to the three duties of hospitality toward guests, who must be provided with food (אֲכִילָה; akhilah), drink (שְׁתִיָּה; shetiyyah), and escort (לְוָיָה, levayah; Mid. Ps. 110:1, ed. Buber, 465, n. 4). The reading "lodging" (לִינָה; linah) for the last does not appear in ancient texts.

bibliography:

Bacher, Pal Amor; Hyman, Toledot, 980.

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