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Guêpière, Pierre-Louis-Philippe de la

Guêpière, Pierre-Louis-Philippe de la (c.1715–73). French architect. With Pigage he introduced the Louis Seize style to Germany. He worked on the Neues Schloss (New Castle), Stuttgart, with Leopoldo Retti (d. 1751), built 1746–68 (destroyed), and designed Schloss Solitude (with Johann Friedrich Weyhing (1716–81) ), above Stuttgart (1763–7), a charming single-storey building with two wings extending from a central elliptical domed element. He was also responsible for Monrepos (1760–7), an enchanting Classical lakeside building near Ludwigsburg. All three buildings were for Duke Karl Eugen of Württemberg (ruled 1744–93). Following his retirement to France in 1768, he designed the Hôtel de Ville, Montbéliard, erected in modified form after his death in the late 1770s. He published Recueil de projets d'archi-tecture (Compendium of Architectural Projects—1750) and Recueil d'esquisses d'architecture (Compendium of Architectural Designs—1759).

Bibliography

Colombier (1955);
Guêpière (1759);
Hautecœur (1950);
Klaiber (1959);
Watkin and Mellinghoff (1987);
Wörner (1979)

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Cavaignac, Louis Eugène

Louis Eugène Cavaignac (lwē özhĕn´ kävānyäk´), 1802–57, French general. He participated in the French conquest of Algeria and was promoted to general in 1844. After the outbreak of the February Revolution in 1848, he became governor-general of Algeria. Elected to the national assembly, he returned to Paris and was appointed minister of war. He used his dictatorial powers to quell the threatened uprising of the working classes in the June Days of 1848. In the presidential election he was badly defeated by Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III). Arrested after Louis Napoleon's coup of 1851, he was soon released and elected to the national assembly, but he refused to swear allegiance to Napoleon III and could not serve.

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