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Hejduk, John Quentin

Hejduk, John Quentin (1929–2000). American architect. With Graves, Eisenman, Meier, and Gwathmey one of the New York Five. He established his practice in 1965, and his works include the Demlin House, Locust Valley, Long Island, NY (1960), the Hommel Apartment, NYC (1969), and the Cooper Union Foundation Building restoration, NYC (1974–5). Later, he designed the Tegel Development and Kreuzberg Tower and Wings, IBA Social Housing, Berlin (1987–8), and the Tower of Cards project, Groningen, The Netherlands (1990). Hejduk was best known through his writings, theories, and projects, including the Lancaster/Hanover Masque (1982–3), an experiment in town-planning containing ‘dwellings’ for a variety of inhabitants: these include the House of the Suicide and the House of the Mother of the Suicide, in which his theoretical and didactic strivings to push space to the limits were exhibited.

Bibliography

A&U, liii (1975), 73–154;
Diamonstein (ed.) (1985);
Kalman (1994);
Frampton et al. (1975);
Hejduk , Le Corbusier Foundation (1972);
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xxxviii/2 (May 1979), 205–7;
Moneo (ed.) (1987);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)

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Simcoe, John Graves

John Graves Simcoe (sĬm´kō), 1752–1806, British army officer, first governor of Upper Canada (Ontario). He served with the British in the American Revolution. Upon the division of Quebec into the two Canadas, he was appointed (1791) lieutenant governor of Upper Canada. In 1792 he arrived at Niagara (which he called Newark), his temporary capital; he moved to York (now Toronto) in 1793. Zealous to make the province a strong colony, Simcoe encouraged immigration (particularly of the American Loyalists), fostered agricultural development, and urged the imperial government to establish a provincial college. He was sent (1796) to take part in the ineffective campaign in Haiti and then returned to England.

See biographies by W. R. Ridell (1926), D. C. Scott (rev. ed. 1926), and M. Van Steen (1968).

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