Dundas, Henry, 1st Viscount Melville
Dundas's success owed much to his command of Indian patronage as president of the Board of Control, which enabled him to bestow lucrative appointments on his Scottish clients. It was said that he sent younger sons ‘by loads to the East Indies’ and that there was scarcely a family of note in Scotland that was not under some obligation to him.
Dundas resigned with Pitt in 1801 but offered support to Addington and was given his peerage in 1802. On Pitt's return in 1804 he became 1st lord of the Admiralty but was forced to resign when an inquiry into financial irregularities in the navy pay office implicated him. He was impeached in 1806—the last occasion on which this process was used—and although acquitted was censured for laxity in his financial control. He attended the Lords only occasionally thereafter.
E. A. Smith
"Dundas, Henry, 1st Viscount Melville." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dundas-henry-1st-viscount-melville
"Dundas, Henry, 1st Viscount Melville." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved September 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dundas-henry-1st-viscount-melville
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Melville, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount
Henry Dundas Melville, 1st Viscount, 1742–1811, British lawyer and politician. He was solicitor general for Scotland (1766–75), entered Parliament in 1774, and became lord advocate in 1775. During the American Revolution he favored harsh punishment of the colonists and considered Lord North much too conciliatory. A close friend and lieutenant of William Pitt the younger, he displayed remarkable administrative talents as treasurer of the navy (1783–1800), member of the board of control for India (1784–1801), home secretary (1791–94), secretary for war during the early Napoleonic Wars (1794–1801), and first lord of the admiralty (1804–5). He was impeached (1806), charged with mismanagement of navy funds, and despite acquittal he never returned to office.
See his correspondence with Lord Wellesley, ed. by E. Ingram (1970).
"Melville, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/melville-henry-dundas-1st-viscount
"Melville, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/melville-henry-dundas-1st-viscount