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German chancellors

German chancellors

Years

Chancellor

Party

D. Volk = German People's Party SPD = Social Democratic Party CDU = Christian Democratic Union FDP = Free Democratic Party

1 Führer from 1934 to 1945

2 Born Karl Herbert Frahm

German Empire

1871–90

Prince Otto von Bismarck-Schönhausen

1890–94

Count Leo von Caprivi

1894–00

Prince Chlodwig von Hoh.-Schillingsfirst

1900–09

Prince Bernhard von Bülow

1909–17

Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg

1917

George Michaelis

1917–18

Count George von Hertling

1918

Prince Maximilian of Baden

1918

Friedrich Ebert

Weimar Republic

1919

Philipp Scheidemann

SPD

1919–20

Gustav Bauer

SPD

1920

Hermann Müller

SPD

1920–21

Konstantin Fehrenbach

Centre-Catholic

1921–22

Joseph Wirth

Centre

1922–23

Wilhelm Cuno

――

1923

Gustav Stresemannn

D. Volk

1923–25

Wilhelm Marx

Centre

1925–26

Hans Luther

――

1926–28

Wilhelm Marx

Centre

1928–30

Hermann Müller

SPD

1930–32

Heinrich Brüning

Centre

1932

Franz von Papen

National

1932–33

Curt von Schleider

――

1933–45

Adolf Hitler1

Nazi

Federal German Republic

1949–63

Konrad Adenauer

CDU

1963–66

Ludwig Erhard

CDU

1966–69

Kurt Georg Kiesinger

CDU

1969–74

Willy Brandt2

SPD

1974–82

Helmut Schmidt

SPD

1982–90

Helmut Kohl

CDU

Reunified Germany

1990–98

Helmut Kohl

CDU

1998– 

Gerhard Schröder

SPD


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Bauer, Otto

Otto Bauer (bou´ər), 1882–1938, Austrian politician. His Die Nationalitätenfrage und die Sozialdemokratie (1907) advocated creating nation-states to solve the Austro-Hungarian nationalities problem. A prisoner of war in Russia during World War I, he led the left wing of the Social Democratic party when he returned, presenting them as a third force between the Communists and nationalists in the revolution of 1918. Named secretary of foreign affairs (1918) in the new Austrian republic, he signed a secret Anschluss agreement with Germany (1919) that was repudiated by the Allies. He resigned in 1919, and led the opposition to conservative governments. He was the guiding personality of the Social Democrats and the principle advocate of unification with Germany. His second theoretical work was Die Österreichische Revolution (1923). The failure of a socialist workers' revolt (1934) led to his exile abroad. He died in Paris.

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