One of the blood vessels
that carry blood
away from the heart
. The pulmonary
artery carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, but all other arteries, such as the aorta
, carry oxygenated blood to the body's tissues. An artery's walls are thick, elastic, and muscular, and pulsate as they carry the blood. A severed artery causes major haemorrhage
. A general term for degenerative diseases of the arteries is arteriosclerosis
any of the muscular-walled tubes forming part of the circulation system by which blood (mainly that which has been oxygenated) is conveyed from the heart to all parts of the body. Compare with vein (sense 1).
an important route in a system of roads, rivers, or railroad lines:
the east-west artery.
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart towards the other body tissues. Most arteries carry oxygenated blood (the pulmonary artery
is an exception). The large arteries branch to form smaller ones, which in turn branch into arterioles
. All arteries have muscular walls, whose contraction aids in pumping blood around the body. The accumulation of fatty deposits in the walls of the arteries leads to atherosclerosis
, which limits and may eventually block the flow of blood. Compare vein
artery (ar-ter-i) n.
a blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart. The walls of arteries contain smooth muscle
fibres, which contract or relax under the control of the sympathetic nervous system
. See illustration overleaf. See also aorta
A blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heart.