Newport Jazz Festival
Newport Jazz Festival, annual summer music festival, probably the best known of all such festivals, held at Newport, R.I. Originally sponsored by Newport socialites Mr. and Mrs. Louis Lorillard and jazz impresario George Wein, the festival held its first performance in July, 1954. It has presented a wide variety of performers including such musical greats as Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck, Billie Holliday, Duke Ellington, and Miles Davis as well as many other American and European artists. Riots caused performance cancellations in 1960, 1969, and 1971, and in 1972 the festival was moved to New York City. It became a two-site festival in 1981 when it resumed in Newport. Sponsored by JVC since 1984, the festival was officially known as the JVC Jazz Festival from 1986; Wein directed the festival until 2007, when he sold his company. JVC-sponsored festivals also have been held in Los Angeles, Miami, Chicago, Paris, Warsaw, and elsewhere. JVC ended its sponsorship of jazz in 2009, and Festival Network, the festivals' producer, was unable to mount the Newport and New York events. With the sponsorship of CareFusion Corporation, Wein revived the Newport festival in 2009 and the New York one in 2010.
"Newport Jazz Festival." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/newport-jazz-festival
"Newport Jazz Festival." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/newport-jazz-festival
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.