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Engraving

141. Engraving

See also 23. ART ; 305. ORNAMENTATION .

acrography
the art or technique of carving a wood block in relief. acrographer , n. acrographic , acrographical , adj.
burinist
an engraver, usually in metal. Also called graver .
cameography
the art or technique of engraving cameos.
dactylioglyph
1 . the name of the engraver inscribed on a gemstone or finger ring.
2 . an artist who engraves precious stones and metals. Also dactylioglyphist .
dactylioglyphy
the art of engraving gemstones and finger rings.
dactyliography
the art of engraving gemstones. dactyliographer , n. dactyliographic , adj.
ectypography
a form of engraving in which the design is in relief instead of being sunk.
galvanography
the use of chemically induced electric current rather than chemicals to produce plates for copperplate engraving. galvanograph , n. galvanographic , ad).
glyptograph
1 . an engraving on a gemstone or other small object.
2 . the stone or object engraved.
glyptology
1 . the art of engraving, especially on gems.
2 . the study of this art.
lithoglyph
1 . an engraving or carving on a gem stone.
2 . the stone thus engraved. lithoglyphic, lithoglyptic , adj.
lithoglypher
Obsolete, an engraver of precious stones.
lithoglyptics
the art of engraving or carving precious stones. lithoglyptic , adj.
medalist
an engraver, designer, or maker of medals. See also 210. HONORS and REGALIA .
photoglyphy
photogravure or the process of engraving by means of photography. photoglyphic , adj.
photogravure
1 . a form of photoengraving in which the photograph is reproduced on an intaglio surface and then transferred to paper.
2 . the photograph produced by this process.
photolithography
the process of making lithographs produced by photoengraving. Cf. photogravure . photolithographer , n. photolithographic , adj.
siderography
a technique of engraving on steel plates, often used in the printing of banknotes. siderograph, siderographist , n. siderographic, siderographical , adj.
stylography
the art of drawing, writing, or engraving with a style or similar instrument. stylographic, stylographical , adj.
xylography
the art of engraving on wood for printing. xylographer , n. xylographic , xylographical , adj.
zincography
the process of engraving on zinc or of printing from a zinc plate. zincographer , n. zincographic , zincographical , adj.

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engraving

engraving, in its broadest sense, the art of cutting lines in metal, wood, or other material either for decoration or for reproduction through printing. In its narrowest sense, it is an intaglio printing process in which the lines are cut in a metal plate with a graver, or burin. Furrows are cleanly cut out, raising no burr, and then filled with ink which is transferred under high pressure to the printing surface of the press. The earliest known engravings printed on paper date from about the middle of the 15th cent. Among the early master engravers were Dürer, Schongauer, and Lucas van Leyden. Wood engraving differs from true engraving in that it is a relief process. During the 19th cent., steel engraving enjoyed a short popularity as a reproduction process because it made possible a large number of proofs, but it was superseded by photomechanical processes (see photoengraving). See also drypoint, etching, and mezzotint.

See A. M. Hind, History of Engraving and Etching (1923, repr. 1963); A. Gross, Etching, Engraving, and Intaglio Printing (1970); G. Duplessis, Wonders of Engraving (1989).

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engraving

engraving Intaglio printing process; it describes various methods of making prints by cutting lines into metal or wood. Variations include etching and aquatint. In modern engraving, different processes are frequently combined in a single plate. See also woodcut

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engraving

en·grav·ing / enˈgrāving/ • n. a print made from an engraved plate, block, or other surface. ∎  the process or art of cutting or carving a design on a hard surface, esp. so as to make a print.

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engraving

engraving •pennyfarthing • plaything •silversmithing • anything •everything • northing • nothing •something • rebirthing • farthing •scathing • sheathing •tithing, writhing •southing • clothing • underclothing •Worthing • carving • woodcarving •delving •craving, engraving, paving, raving, saving, shaving •self-deceiving, unbelieving, weaving •living, misgiving, thanksgiving, unforgiving •skydiving • piledriving • coving •approving, reproving, unmoving •unloving •Irving, serving, unswerving •time-serving • lapwing • waxwing •batwing • redwing • lacewing •beeswing • forewing • downswing •outswing • viewing • upswing •underwing • phrasing • stargazing •trailblazing • hellraising • unpleasing •rising, surprising •self-aggrandizing • uncompromising •unpatronizing • uprising •enterprising • appetizing •Dowsing, housing •unimposing •amusing, confusing, musing

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