Skip to main content

Unity and Reform

Unity and Reform

The designation Unity and Reform was taken by the old List 15 of the Batllist faction of the Uruguayan Colorado Party, founded by President Luis Batlle Berres between 1952 and 1954. When Batlle Berres died in 1964 his son, Jorge Batlle, assumed the directorship of the faction. But Batlle Berre's death precipitated a crisis over who would lead List 15. During the elections of 1966, List 15 began to designate itself as "Unity and Reform," alluding both to the necessity of overcoming political factionalism and to Batlle's project of reinstating the presidency and doing away with the Colegiado. The Colorado Party won the election, and the referendum reinstating the presidency was approved. Paradoxically, the candidate to triumph within the Colorado Party was not Batlle, but rather General Oscar Gestido. The descendants of List 15 later abandoned the designation Unity and Reform and adopted the term Radical Batllismo.

See alsoBatllismo .


Angel Cocchi, Nuestros partidos (1984).

Martin Weinstein, Uruguay: Democracy at the Crossroads (1988).

Additional Bibliography

Costa Bonino, Luis. La crisis del sistema político uruguayo: Partidos políticos y democracia hasta 1973. Montevideo: Fundación de Cultura Universitaria, 1995.

Crespo Martínez, Ismael. Tres décadas de política uruguaya: Crisis, restauración y transformación del sistema de partidos. Madrid: Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas: Siglo Veintinuo de España, 2002.

Mallo, Susana, Rafael Paternain and Miguel Angel Serna. Modernidad y poder en el Río de la Plata: Colorados y Radicales. Montevideo: Editorial Trazas, 1995.

Pelúas, Daniel. Coparticipación y coalición: 164 años de acuerdo entre Blancos y Colorados. Montevideo: Arca: Humus, 2000.

                                     JosÉ de Torres Wilson

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Unity and Reform." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 22 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Unity and Reform." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 22, 2019).

"Unity and Reform." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.