Skip to main content

Union Society of Artisans

Union Society of Artisans

The Union Society of Artisans (Sociedad Unión de Artesanos), a labor organization, culminated twenty years of political activities by Bogotá's artisans during the liberal reform era. Founded in 1866 in the aftermath of the 1859–1862 civil war, amidst a serious economic recession, it attempted to forge a nonpartisan alliance of artisans. Membership in the society ranged from perhaps 300 to 500 artisans during its first year, before partisan upheaval caused by Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera's abortive coup divided the organization. The society finally dissolved after the November 1868 overthrow of the Cundinamarcan state government. The society's newspaper, La Alianza (The Alliance), articulated an ideology of artisan republicanism, based in part on a labor theory of value. It advocated the return to centralized government, a restitution of clerical temporal authority, a biparty government, and protection of native industries. José Leocadio Camacho, Antonio Cárdenas, Saturnino González, and Felipe Roa Ramírez were the most visible leaders of the society.

See alsoLabor Movements .


David Sowell, The Early Colombian Labor Movement: Artisans and Politics in Bogota, 1832–1919 (1992).

Additional Bibliography

Gaviria Liévano, Enrique. El liberalismo y la insurrección de los artesanos contra el librecambio: Primeras manifesta-ciones socialistas en Colombia. Bogotá: Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 2002.

Mayor Mora, Alberto. Cabezas duras y dedos inteligentes: Estilo de vida y cultura técnica de los artesanos colombianos del siglo XIX. Colombia: Instituto Colombiano de Cultura, 1997.

                                         David Sowell

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Union Society of Artisans." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 22 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Union Society of Artisans." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 22, 2019).

"Union Society of Artisans." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.