Taxco, an important Mexican silver-mining center in the state of Guerrero, especially associated with the eighteenth-century mine owner José de la Borda. Knownas Tlachco ("place of the ball court") in pre-Hispanic times, it was a source of copper for the Mexica empire. Along with some iron ore, this copper was being worked by Indians under Spanish direction in the 1520s, soon after the triumph of Hernán Cortés. The first major silver strikes were made in the 1530s, and Taxco (the Spanish corruption of "Tlachco") became one of the more productive silver-mine towns (reales de minas) of New Spain. Since it was located in the indigenous heartland, Indian tribute workers could be used to augment slave and wage labor, something that was not possible in northern mining regions. Despite a series of booms and busts, Taxco remained productive into the twentieth century. It is now a popular tourist site and the source of fine silver products.
See alsoMining: Colonial Spanish America .
There is no scholarly English-language monograph about Taxco currently available. The standard account in Spanish remains Manuel Toussaint, Tasco (1931). Brief, comparative mention of Taxco can be found in Peter J. Bakewell, Silver Mining and Society in Colonial Mexico: Zacatecas, 1546–1700 (1971).
David A. Brading, Miners and Merchants in Bourbon Mexico, 1763–1810 (1971). Forced labor in colonial Taxco is discussed in Robert Haskett, "'Our Trouble with the Taxco Tribute': Involuntary Mine Labor and the Indians of Colonial Cuernavaca," in Hispanic American Historical Review 71 (August 1991): 447-475.
Enciso Contreras, José. Taxco en el siglo XVI: Sociedad y normatividad en un real de minas novohispano. Zacatecas, México: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 1999.
Mark, Joan T. The Silver Gringo: William Spratling and Taxco. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2000.
Pérez Rosales, Laura. Minería y sociedad en Taxco durante el siglo XVIII. México, D.F.: Universidad Iberoamericana, Departamento de Historia, 1996.
"Taxco." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/taxco
"Taxco." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/taxco
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.