Sierra (Peru), the Andean highland region where approximately half of the country's population lived in 1990. It is formed by three ranges of mountains with fertile river valleys, high plains, and deep canyons. The western Andean slopes lead to the desertic coastal region, while the easternmost slopes—the ceja de selva (jungle's eyebrow)—start the region of the Amazonian rain forest. By the time of the Spanish Conquest, the Andean people had developed a sophisticated system of vertical control that allowed access to a rich variety of crops at different altitudes as well as agrarian techniques such as terracing and irrigation. Under Spanish rule the Sierra became a highly productive mineral region.
See alsoAgriculture .
Javier Pulgar Vidal, Geografía del Perú: Las ocho regiones naturales del Perú (1972).
Reinhard, Johan. The Ice Maiden: Inca Mummies, Mountain Gods, and Sacred Sites in the Andes. Washington DC: National Geographic Society, 2005.
Stern, Steve J. Shining and Other Paths: War and Society in Peru, 1980–1995. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998.
Alfonso W. Quiroz
"Sierra (Peru)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sierra-peru
"Sierra (Peru)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sierra-peru
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.