Rocha, Justiniano José da (1812–1862)
Rocha, Justiniano José da (1812–1862)
Justiniano José Da Rocha (b. 8 November 1812; d. 10 July 1862), Brazilian political journalist, litterateur, and Conservative polemicist. Born in Rio de Janeiro, Rocha, a mulatto, was schooled in France and at the São Paulo faculty of law. He taught at the Colégio Pedro II and the military school in Rio, and represented Minas Gerais thrice in the Chamber of Deputies (1843–1844, 1850–1852, 1853–1856). He was also the first in Brazil to write and translate serial novels as a minor figure in the first Romantic generation. His greatness, however, lay in being the heir (and counterpoise) to the political journalism tradition associated with Evaristo da Veiga (1799–1837), the liberal who had dominated so many of the First Empire and Regency debates.
Rocha wrote polemics with a celebrated clarity and facility as the servant of the Conservative Party from its beginnings, writing or editing in the Rio press as the party's voice until the era of the Conciliação. He presided over O Chronista (1836–1839), O Brasil (1840–1852), as well as a number of more ephemeral periodicals, and from 1839 to 1862 he took the Conservative's part in pieces for the Jornal do Commércio. Protégé and partisan of Bernardo Pereira de Vasconcelos (1795–1850) and partisan of the saguarema reactionary leadership of the party in its years of struggle, Rocha is most justly remembered for his incisive analysis in the pamphlet "Ação; reação; transação" (1855).
José Antônio Soares De Sousa, A vida do visconde do Uruguai (1944).
Raimundo Magalhães, Jr., Tres panfletários do segundo reinado (1956).
Ilmar Rohloff De Mattos, O tempo saguarema (1987).
Leslie Bethell and José Murilo De Carvalho, "Brazil from Independence to the Middle of the Nineteenth Century," in Brazil: Empire and Republic, 1822–1930, edited by Leslie Bethell (1989).
Vasconcelos, Bernardo Pereira de. José Murilo de Carvalho. Bernardo Pereira de Vasconcelos. São Paulo: Editora 34, 1999.
Jeffrey D. Needell
"Rocha, Justiniano José da (1812–1862)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rocha-justiniano-jose-da-1812-1862
"Rocha, Justiniano José da (1812–1862)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rocha-justiniano-jose-da-1812-1862
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.