Puig Casauranc, José Manuel (1888–1939)

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Puig Casauranc, José Manuel (1888–1939)

José Manuel Puig Casauranc (b. 31 January 1888; d. 9 May 1939), Mexican politician-diplomat of the 1920s and 1930s. Born in Campeche and educated as a physician, Puig emerged in national politics as manager of Plutarco Elías Calles's successful presidential campaign in 1924. Calles appointed him to head the prestigious Ministry of Education in his cabinet. In the uncertainty following the 1928 assassination of Álvaro Obregón, Puig was a leading power broker and a presidential contender. The apogee of his public career was his confrontation with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull at the 1933 Pan-American Conference in Montevideo, Uruguay. Cognizant of the leftward shift in Mexican politics, Puig criticized international bankers and U.S. dominance of the Mexican economy. In spite of his political adaptability, Puig became a peripheral figure during the Lázaro Cárdenas presidency.

See alsoCalles, Plutarco Elías; Hull, Cordell; Mexico: Since 1910; Pan-American Conferences: Montevideo Conference (1933).


José Manuel Puig Casauranc, Galatea rebelde a varios pig-maliones (1938).

John W. F. Dulles, Yesterday in Mexico: A Chronicle of the Revolution, 1919–1936, esp. pp. 404-436, 481-549.

Additional Bibliography

Buchenau, Jürgen. Plutarco Elías Calles and the Mexican Revolution. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.

                                          John A. Britton