Skip to main content


POST-CREOLE CONTINUUM A chain of language varieties which arises linking a CREOLE (also known as the BASILECT) to its SUPERSTRATE language (also known as the ACROLECT) via intermediate varieties referred to collectively as the MESOLECT: for example, the Jamaican post-creole continuum, ranging from Jamaican creole proper to a Jamaican standard English based on standard BrE. The following are Guyanese English Creole forms for standard English I gave him: Basilect Mi gii am; Mesolect A giv im; Acrolect A geev him. The differences between coexistent varieties in such a continuum are generally greater than might be expected in a community with ‘normal’ processes of dialect formation, particularly in terms of the amount and degree of syntactic and semantic variation. A post-creole continuum may develop when, after a period of relatively independent linguistic development, a post-pidgin or post-creole variety comes under a period of renewed influence from the superstrate (the relexifier language, or principal source of vocabulary). This is generally described as decreolization.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"POST-CREOLE CONTINUUM." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . 17 Apr. 2019 <>.

"POST-CREOLE CONTINUUM." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . (April 17, 2019).

"POST-CREOLE CONTINUUM." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Retrieved April 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.