Parti D'Unité Populaire (PUP)
PARTI D'UNITé POPULAIRE (PUP)
The Parti d'Unité Populaire (Party of Popular Unity), one of the six legal opposition parties in Tunisia, was an offshoot of the Mouvement pour l'Unité Populaire (MUP) founded in Paris in 1973 by Ahmed Ben Salah. In 1981 a rift between the Paris-based group and its Tunisian branch was formalized with the creation of a second Movement of Popular Unity (often called MUP-II). In 1985 it was renamed the Parti d'Unité Populaire (PUP). In 1999 Mohamed Bel Haj Amor, PUP secretary general, entered the first presidential elections in Tunisia to allow more than one candidate but lost. In 2000 Amor was succeeded as the head of the PUP by Mohamed Bouchiha.
Murphy, Emma. Economic and Political Change in Tunisia: From Bourguiba to Ben Ali. New York: St. Martin's in association with University of Durham, 1999.
matthew s. gordon
updated by ana torres-garcia
"Parti D'Unité Populaire (PUP)." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/parti-dunite-populaire-pup
"Parti D'Unité Populaire (PUP)." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/parti-dunite-populaire-pup
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.