views updated


Orientales, a term used for Uruguayans. It comes from the term Banda Oriental, which was used during the period of Spanish colonization to refer to the area along the eastern bank of the Uruguay River. In the Revolution of 1811, this area began to be called the Provincia Oriental, a name arising from the federalist ideas of José Artigas. After a war (1825–1828) between the United Provinces of the Río De La Plata (among which was the Provincia Oriental) and the Brazilian Empire, the Preliminary Peace Pact was signed, with the mediation of Great Britain, on 27 August 1828. This pact formed the basis out of which was to come Uruguay, officially called the República Oriental del Uruguay.

See alsoBanda Oriental .


Ariosto González, ¿Orientales o Uruguayos? (1943).

Brother Damasceno, Ensayo de historia patria, vol. 1 (1955).

Washington Reyes Abadie and Andrés Vázquez Romero, Crónica general del Uruguay, vols. 1-2 (1984).

Additional Bibliography

Maiztegui Casas, Lincoln R. Orientales: Una historia política del Uruguay. Montevideo: Planeta, 2005.

                              JosÉ de Torres Wilson