Banda Oriental, historical designation of the northeastern region of the Río De La Plata estuary used to distinguish it from the southern shores, the traditional core of the Argentine Republic. The name was applied by custom to the relatively well-populated stretch of land between the lower course of the Uruguay River, south of Fray Bentos, and the city of Rocha, near the Atlantic coast. It became official when the province joined the United Provinces of the Río De La Plata (1812), represented by José G. Artigas (1764–1850).
The regional strife that colored most of the early years of independence in the Río de la Plata region contributed to alienating the inhabitants of the northeastern shores, a feeling that intensified when the Congress of Tucumán (1816) ratified the independence of the United Provinces without mentioning the Banda Oriental, politically controlled at that time by Artigas. In 1817, taking advantage of the isolation and relative weakness of the province, Brazilian troops invaded the territory and exiled Artigas to Paraguay. The Brazilian occupation continued until 1825, when Colonel Juan A. Lavalleja and his famous Thirty-Three Companions stormed Montevideo to liberate the Banda Oriental. With the help of Argentine troops, liberation was achieved in Ituzaingó in February of 1827, and in the following year Argentina and Brazil relinquished their claims to the Banda Oriental. Under the name of Uruguay it became an independent country.
Lucía Sala De Touron, Evolución económica de la Banda Oriental (Montevideo, 1967).
José C. Williman, La Banda Oriental en la lucha de los imperios: 1503–1818 (Montevideo, 1975).
Barrios Pintos, Aníbal. Historia de los pueblos orientales: Sus orígenes, procesos fundacionales, sus primeros años. 2nd. ed. Montevideo: Academia Nacional de Letras, 2000.
Kleinpenning, Jan M. G. Peopling the Purple Land: A Historical Geography of Rural Uruguay, 1500–1915. Amsterdam: CEDLA, 1995.
Verdesio, Gustavo. La invención del Uruguay: La entrada del territorio y sus habitantes a la cultura occidental. Montevideo: Editorial Graffiti: Editorial Trazas, 1996.
CÉsar N. Caviedes
"Banda Oriental." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/banda-oriental
"Banda Oriental." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved May 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/banda-oriental
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.