Skip to main content

Marinello, Juan (1898–1977)

Marinello, Juan (1898–1977)

Juan Marinello (b. 2 November 1898; d. 27 March 1977), Cuban poet and essayist. Marinello was born in Jicotea in Las Villas Province and received degrees in public and civil law from the University of Havana, where he was an outstanding student, receiving a scholarship for a year at Madrid's Central University (1921–1922). He was politically active from his student days, organizing and taking part in student protests and groups. He was among the founders of the Hispano-Cuban Culture Institution (1926) and the publication Revista de avance (1927). He was imprisoned repeatedly for his political activities, especially during the regimes of Cuban presidents Gerardo Machado and Fulgencio Batista. A lifelong dedicated Communist and political activist, he embraced the Cuban Revolution of 1959 and in turn was wholeheartedly supported and promoted by the Castro regime until his death. Marinello became president of the University of Havana in 1962 and Cuban ambassador to UNESCO in 1963; he was elected by the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party to help draft the constitution of the Cuban socialist state. He also received such international honors as the Lenin Medal (1970) and was a part of the executive council of UNESCO in 1974. Although Marinello cultivated poetry in his youth, he is mostly known for his essays and literary criticism. He compiled several anthologies on Cuban literary giant José Martí, whose prose deeply influenced him. His best-known works are the essays Españolidad literaria de José Martí (1942), Creación y revolución (1973), and Escritos sociales (1980).

See alsoCuba: Cuba Since 1959; Cuba, Political Parties: Communist Party.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

María Luisa Antuña, Bibliografía de Juan Marinello (1975); "Cuba, les étapes d'une liberation: hommage a Juan Marinello et Noël Saloman," Actes du Colloque International des 22, 23 et 24 Novembre 1978 (Toulouse, 1979).

Additional Bibliography

Gutiérrez Coto, Amauri Francisco. Polémica literaria entre Gastón Baquero y Juan Marinello (1944). Sevilla: Espuela de Plata, 2005.

López Lemus, Virgilio. Juan Marinello, la palabra trascen-dente. La Habana, Cuba: Editora Política, 1998.

                                         Roberto Valero

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Marinello, Juan (1898–1977)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Marinello, Juan (1898–1977)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marinello-juan-1898-1977

"Marinello, Juan (1898–1977)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marinello-juan-1898-1977

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.