Skip to main content

Mar del Plata

Mar del Plata

Mar del Plata is a coastal city of Argentina in the province of Buenos Aires, 250 miles from the capital. This bustling city (2001 population 560,274), founded in 1874, has developed into the favorite seaside resort of the inhabitants of the capital. Especially during the first presidential terms of Juan Perón, (1946–1955), with the construction of hotels run by labor unions, Mar del Plata developed into an accessible destination for working- and middle-class tourists. The nearby spa of Huincó, where the mineral water has a moderate calcium carbonate content, attracts many patients with lung problems. Mar del Plata is also an important fish-processing center, with packing plants, paper mills, grain mills, and apparel manufactories. Two universities, the University of the Province of Buenos Aires and the Catholic University Stella Maris, as well as an institute of marine biology, enhance the cultural life of the city. The city has hosted many conventions, including the Fourth Summit of the Americas in 2005, which generated protests. The navy station at Mar del Plata ensures the presence of the Argentine armed forces in the Atlantic.

Following a resurge of tourism in the early 1990s, Mar del Plata experienced a downturn during the country's economic crisis but has since rebounded, despite continuing unemployment.

See alsoBuenos Aires; Perón, Juan Domingo.


Roberto Cava, Síntesis histórica de Mar del Plata (Mar del Plata, 1968).

Additional Bibliography

Bartolucci, Mónica I., and Adriana Alvarez. Mar del Plata: Imágenes urbanas, vida cotidiana y sociédad, 1874–1990. Mar del Plata, Argentina: Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, 2002.

Cignoli, Alberto. La Cuestión urbana en el posfordismo: La dinámica reciente del desarrollo urbano de Mar del Plata. Rosario, Argentina: Homo Sapiens Ediciones, 1997.

Mantobani, José M., and Lorena C. Thesz, eds. Entre el trigo y la espuma: Mar del Plata y el problema de la creación de los pueblos balnearios del Sudeste de la provincia de Buenos Aires a fines del siglo XIX. Mar del Plata, Argentina: Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, 2002.

Orden, María Liliana da. Inmigración española, familia y movilidad social en la Argentina moderna: Una mirada desde Mar del Plata, 1890–1930. Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos, 2005.

Pastoriza, Elisa, ed. Las puertas al mar: Consumo, ocio y política en Mar del Plata, Montevideo y Viña del Mar. Buenos Aires: Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, 2002.

                                      CÉsar N. Caviedes

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mar del Plata." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 21 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Mar del Plata." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (April 21, 2019).

"Mar del Plata." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved April 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.