Mapocho River, stream arising in the Andes of Santiago and draining the northern portion of the Santiago basin in Chile. After a short but precipitous course (62 miles), it joins the Maipo River at El Monte. Santiago was chosen by Pedro de Valdivia as the capital of his governancy because the river offered the water needed by the settlement. Cerro Santa Lucía on the southern bank served as a defense post against Indian attacks, and both riverbanks were densely populated by natives engaged in successful agricultural production in the fertile soils along the Mapocho. In the early 1990s the waters had become badly contaminated by city sewage and industrial waste.
See alsoSantiago, Chile .
Benjamín Vicuña-Mackenna, Historia de Santiago (Santiago, 1938).
Jean Borde, Les Andes de Santiago et leur avant-pays (Bordeaux, 1966).
Agard-Lavallé, Francine, and Lavallé, Bernard. Del Garona al Mapocho: Emigrantes, comerciantes y viajeros de Burdeos a Chile (1830–1870). Santiago de Chile, 2005.
Palacios, Jorge. Del Mapocho al Sena. Santiago: LOM Ediciones, 2001.
Rojas Valdebenito, Wellington. "Otra Mirada al Río Mapocho." El Heraldo Austral, Puerto Varas, Chile, (Agosto 2002): 3-4, http://www.bncatalogo.cl
CÉsar N. Caviedes
"Mapocho River." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mapocho-river
"Mapocho River." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mapocho-river
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.