Skip to main content

Loynaz, Dulce María (1902–1997)

Loynaz, Dulce María (1902–1997)

The poet and writer Dulce María Loynaz was born in Havana to a family of the Cuban elite. Her father and great uncle were heroes of the War of Independence (1895–1898). Her mother, an arts enthusiast, descended from one of the country's most prominent families. Her privileged upbringing included private tutors, foreign travel, and exposure to a wide range of artistic and cultural experiences. She began writing poetry very early, seeing her first poem published in 1919 in the newspaper La Nación. Her poems were featured in prestigious national journals such as Orígenes, Revista Bimestre Cubana, and Social. In 1927 Loynaz earned a law degree from the University of Havana.

In the 1930s Loynaz's home became the gathering place for important writers and artists including the Cuban novelist Alejo Carpentier, and the Spanish poets Federico García Lorca (1898–1936) and Juan Ramón Jiménez (1881–1958). Loynaz's first compilation of poetry—Versos, 1920–1938—appeared in 1938. Also dating to this period is her only novel, Jardín, which was not published until 1951. In this original work, Loynaz anticipated the magical realism that characterized Latin American narrative of the "boom period" (1960s to 1970s). The themes of her poems (love, solitude, and nature) express the same deep intimate lyrical sentiment typical of Latin American women's poetry of the first half of the twentieth century. Throughout the 1950s, Loynaz wrote chronicles for the international press, published one travel book, Un verano en Tenerife (One summer in Tenerife), and two new books of poetry, Poemas sin nombre (Unnamed poems) and Últimos días de una casa (Last days of a house). She also composed Ensayos literarios (Literary essays), a book of literary criticism in which she discussed her views on art and literature. Her autobiography, Fe de vida (Life's faith), appeared in 1993.

At the time of her death in 1997, Loynaz was president of the Cuban Academy of Language. She had received Cuba's National Literary Award in 1987 and the prestigious Miguel de Cervantes Prize, the highest honor for literature written in Spanish, in 1992.

See alsoCuba, War of Independence .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Montero, Susana A. "Loynaz, Dulce María." In Diccionario enciclopédico de las letras de América Latina, edited by José Ramón Medina. Caracas: Biblioteca Ayacucho; Monte Avila Editores Latinoamericana, 1995.

West-Durán, Alan. "Loynaz, Dulce María (1903–1998)." In Encyclopedia of Cuba: People, History, Culture, edited by Luis Martínez-Fernández. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2003.

                                   Luis A. GonzÁlez

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Loynaz, Dulce María (1902–1997)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Loynaz, Dulce María (1902–1997)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/loynaz-dulce-maria-1902-1997

"Loynaz, Dulce María (1902–1997)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/loynaz-dulce-maria-1902-1997

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.